Petra – The famous Archaeological Site

Petra is an epic and historical city fully represented in the heart of southern Jordan. It was originally called Raqmu by the town dwellers and has served as an archaeological reference town for many centuries. The city has been existing since 9,000 BC then about the 4th century later it was selected as the capital of the Nabataean Kingdom but the people of this kingdom were majorly nomads that have established the town as a major trading point while they continued to enrich Petra to become a major wealthy city. A major historical reference that is always referred to is an unsuccessful attack by Antigonus but they used the mountains and area terrain as support to defend their city meanwhile they are majorly skillful in agriculture and stone carving. As the years went by, the city began to flourish, especially when they put up the Khazneh structure and their population increased to over 20,000 people.

Petra was a client state to the Romans for several years till they were conquered to serve the government of Rome then the name was changed to Arabia Patrea but the earthquake struck and destroyed many structures which killed their economy since the sea trade routes starting becoming the talk of the day. Later it was abandoned for a few sets of nomads, which churches were built as well but the city lost value completely to the world till it was again discovered in 1812 by Ludwig Johann. Due to the color of the stone used on the buildings, Petra is regarded as the Rose-city and its famous for its rock-cut architecture styles all around. The city has also been voted as a UNESCO world heritage site since 1985 and voted as one of the seven wonders of the world since 2007. There are several towns in Jordan but Petra is the most visited with a peak tourist number of over a million visitors as of November 2019. Also, the weather is at the semi-arid climate level but maintains an average temperature of 15.5-degree celsius. Some other key details will be laid out under the following key points:

Petra is very accessible from Amman and Red seaport at about three-hour and two-hour drive respectively with buses or scheduled taxis. Its layout is specially crafted with several structures on mountains and rocks.

Accommodation And Feeding

Some very good hotels in Petra that serve quality of services include the Petra Hotel, Seven wonders Bedouin Camp, the Old village hotel and resort, Petra Sella Hotel and Petra princess hotels. Each of these hotels cost less than $100 depending on the star rating but they have proper dining rooms for exclusive dishes. Restaurants that have the best meal offer are Al-wadi Restaurant which is close to the Petra visitors center, Red cave restaurant, and Palm Court restaurant

Tour Guide

Getting around the city layout can be done on foot but camels and horses can do the job way easier while you sightsee the whole area even as large as it seems to be. It is advisable to have a quiet weekend in the town so there is time to explore all the views. It is advisable to get a guide that has complete knowledge of the area to show you secret tombs or locations that will blow your mind away as a tourist. 


Some very relevant activities include visiting the theatre, ancient columns of the temple, El Deir and the Great Temple of Petra where there are special historical facts that portrays how old the city of Petra has existed. It is good to also take pictures while going around the different locations on the site, especially during sunset and sunrise. Other sites to visit include Bab As Siq where tombs and monuments are situated than the treasury which is a carved structure on the mountain which was a tomb for Nabatean King Aretas II then the street of Facades and finally hiking through the town.

Interesting Facts about Petra

  1. Petra city is famous for its 800 individual monuments. These monuments are including buildings, tombs, baths, funerary halls, temples, arched gateways, and colonnaded streets. Most of these monuments were carved from the kaleidoscopic sandstone.
  2. There is only a way to go Petra that is through a 300-meter high canyon. 
  3. Till now, only 15% of Petra has been explored by historians and archeologists. The majority of the part still remains a mystery to the world.
  4. There are around 800 tombs, also known as Royal Tombs were housed in Petra. The most famous out of all tombs is the Treasury which is estimated to be over 2000 years old.

Best time to visit Petra

Months from March through May and September through November are considered as the most ideal months to visit this incredible site. During these times, the city will be less crowded and the prices are not that high as compared to the high season. Whether stay mostly favorable and pleasant throughout the day making it comfortable for visitors to tour the Petra and around the city. 

Next Step After Tour

The next step after such an intriguing tour is to visit the Great Wall of China which is regarded as another wonder of the world. In conclusion, Petra is as special as it seems but for historical and archaeological follow-up then all the structures must be explored

  • December 26, 2019
  • Travel
  • Comments Off on Petra – The famous Archaeological Site