Famous Pyramids of Mexico
Pyramids of Mexico gives you a perfect insight into Mexico’s spectacular and successful ancient culture. Right from pre-Columbian culture to modern-day, these stone structures are standing still in their excellent state in spite of being old from centuries. These famous ancient ruins provide a glimpse of Meso-American architecture and tell us a lot about rich culture Mexican pyramids.
Today tourists across the globe flock here to explore these magnificent ancient structures built by Maya, Aztecs and other civilizations of Mexico and take a dig in the history of their rich ancient culture. Here are the spectacular Pyramids of Mexico and ancient ruins that one must visit at least once in their lifetime.
Chichén Itzá – Temple of Kukulkan
One of the Seven Wonders of the World, Chichen Itza is a large pre-Columbian city built by the Maya people, is the most frequented archeological site The term Chichén Itzá signifies “at the mouth of the well of the Itza” which is mainly famous for its large pyramid built in the city. This large step pyramid was built in 800 AD as a ‘temple of Kukulkan’ and was dedicated to the Mayan God depicted as a feathered serpent. Now this place remains the popular tourist attraction of Mexico. Also known as El Castillo, this pyramid is 24 feet tall and has four sides including a set of stairs on each side leading to a box-shaped temple at the top.
Pyramid of Cholula
The world’s largest pyramid is located in Cholula, Mexico. This ancient Aztec temple is so tall that a Catholic Cathedral was built on top of it and looks tiny compared to the pyramid itself. The base is so large that you could fit four Great Pyramids of Egypt inside it. Also known as Tlachihualtepetl which means man-made mountain, the origin of this pyramid is still unclear. There are consensuses about the construction of this site as it was believed to be built near 300 BC by various communities to honor their ancient god Quetzalcoatl.
Teotihuacan- Pyramid of The Moon
Mexico’s map of pyramids is listed second in the list of Mexico’s biggest pyramids and was established when Aztecs visited Teotihuacan after the town left. However, the pyramid of the moon was built around 200 to 450 AD, with several separate layered pyramids. Originally constructed for the wonderful goddesses, each layer now has spaces to bury. Teotihuacan is also known as God’s town, as it was emphasized during Christ’s age. Furthermore, the layout of these Mexican Aztec pyramids follows the contours of the neighboring mountain Cerro Gordo.
Teotihuacan- Pyramid of The Sun
The Pyramid of the Sun is reportedly the largest building in Teotihuacan Region, built-in 200 A.D. It is also the world’s third-largest ancient pyramid, after the Great Pyramid of Cholula and Pyramid of Giza. it was built atop a man-made tunnel, which leads to a “cave”, which is located six meters down towards the center of the structure. Archaeologists found a set of a lower world shaped inside the pyramid, believed to be home to many fire and water rites.
Calakmul: The Great Pyramid
Two of Mexico’s biggest Mayan pyramids are situated at Calakmul side by side. This is a huge UNESCO World Heritage site surrounded by tropical rainforests, similar in size to the Tikal site of Guatemala and believed to be more inhabited during its heyday. Also known as the kingdom of snakes, this great pyramid is one of the largest pyramids in the region and has 4 tombs discovered inside it which are believed to be of royalty.
Uxmal- Pyramid of Magician
This lesser-known Uxmal site which is also known as Pyramid of Magician is very breathtaking. The term Uxmal means “three times designed” and relates to many of the region’s architectural styles. In the tenth century, the Toltec presence started and remained idle until the Spanish came. This city was deserted. The magician’s pyramid is one of the few constructions with a name that represents its Mayan use. It is one of the buildings that represent the astronomical understanding of this society. It is the tallest and most notable stone structure in the region of Uxmal.
El Tajin- Pyramid of Niche
Pyramid of niche is among the oldest UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The region around El Tajin has been inhabited since about 5,600 The Pyramid of the Niches is the most prominent structure in El Tajin. The pyramid rises on seven levels 20 meters (66 feet) and has a broad staircase on its eastern side. The inclusion of decorative niches is uncommon in this building. The design was initially rendered in dark red with the black niches to intensify the recessed niche shadows.
Coba: Nohoch Mul Pyramid
Not only are Coba’s ruins home to one of Mexico’s highest pyramids, but they are also one of the most important Mayan locations. Coba’s archeological region includes the largest stone structures ever discovered. The group of Mayan pyramids is Nohoch Mul, Ixmoja, La Iglesia, The Ancient Pyramid, and the Painted Lintel Pyramid. The term Nohoch Mul signifies a large hill, and its 120 stairs from above offer an incredible view of the entire region.
Pyramid of La Venta
One of Mexico’s early pyramids, the Great Pyramid of La Venta, was built by the Pre-Columbian Olmec people. The site was once a stepped, four-sided pyramid, made of compacted clay rather than stone. Today, archeologists assign 2,500 years of erosion to an almost conical form. The site of the Great Pyramid differs greatly from other Mayan pyramids. Mexico is proud of this ancient treasure, offering many other attractive features, including colossal heads of Olmec and Basalt Altars