All You Need to Know About the Mighty Mount Everest
If you are a mountaineer or a mountain-climbing enthusiast, chances are that you already know much about Mount Everest. Even if you do not fall into one of these categories, you must still have heard of Mount Everest. The world’s highest mountain peak is quite well-known pretty much all over the planet.
Located in the Himalayan mountain range on the Nepal-Tibet (China) border, the Mount Everest stands at an imposing 29,035 feet above sea level. It is a magnificent and wondrous place that has its own unique climate, animals, culture, and dangers too.
Mount Everest Location and Geography
As already stated in this piece, Mount Everest stands on the border between China and Nepal. It is above the often-feared “death zone” where the air is too thin for a human being to survive and extra oxygen is usually carried by Mount Everest climbers.
The name “death zone” is quite famous. The parts of Mount Everest which are found above at the height of 7,600 meters (24,900 ft) above sea level are referred to as ‘Death Zone”. At the height of 8,840 meters which is around 29,029 feet above the sea level, Mount Everest is the highest elevation on this Planet.
The Himalayan mountain range, or “Himalayas” as they are commonly referred to, is the tallest mountain range in the world spanning across six countries. These include India, Pakistan, Bhutan, Afghanistan, Nepal, and China. The term “Himalaya” literally means “abode of snow” in the Sanskrit language.
This Great Mountain was named after Sir George Everest. At that time, he was appointed as Welsh Surveyor General of India during the British rule. There is a really interesting back story to this. Apparently, Sir George Everest never had any intention to take this prestigious honor and even protested the idea for numerous reasons best known only to him. However, his pleas fell on deaf ears.
The people at the helm of affairs at the time, 1865 to be exact, went ahead and changed the name of the mountain from “Peak XV” to “Mount Everest” in recognition of Sir George Everest’s services to the British Crown. Moreover, the actual Welsh pronunciation of the word is “Eave-rest” and not “Ever-est.” Perhaps Sir Everest was right to protest the name after all.
Mt Everest’s Tibetan name is “Chomolungma,” which means “holy mother.” The summit of the Mount Everest lies between the Tibet and Nepal. Mt. Everest can be climbed from both sides of these countries. One can climb the Mount Everest from the Tibetan side which is also known as the North Ridge or from the Nepalese side, also known as the Southeast Ridge.
Due to mountaineering and political reasons, Mounting from Nepal’s south-eastern ridge is generally reckoned as the easiest way. Whereas, climbing from the North side falls bit cheaper. However, rescues tend to be far more complicated because helicopters are not allowed to fly on the Tibetan side.
Being the easiest way, Most climbers start their climbing journey from the Southeast side in Nepal, starting right from the Everest base camp at 17,598 feet. In general, the place has a “snowy and frigid” climate. Winds can blow on a speed upto 177 mph which is 285 km/h. January is the coldest month in the region when temperatures go as low as −74 °F (−59 °C). July happens to be the time when the cold is the least severe at −10 °F (−23 °C).
One major cause of concern is climate change which is causing the glaciers around Mount Everest to melt quite rapidly. Although, Geologists have further subdivided the rocks, which makes the Mount Everest into three units known as “formations.” Each formation is separated from the other by low-angle faults (known as “detachments”) along which they have been thrust Southward over each other. These three formations are named as Qomolangma Formation, the North Col Formation, and the Rongbuk Formation respectively by the geologists.
Mount Everest is made up of various layers of rocks which has bent back to themselves to form Nappes. At the lower elevation of the mountains, rocks are generally composed of metamorphic gneisses and schists. Top of these rocks is covered by igneous granites. Its higher part is consists of sedimentary rocks. The most notable part is its yellow band formed by limestone, which is visible just below the peak pyramid.
Best Time to visit Mount Everest
People who wish to climb the peak usually plan their adventures between April and May. The lower Mount Everest temperature during these months reduces the risk of contracting frostbite and hypothermia while climbing.
The heat during the summers, especially from June to September, causes many storms and rains making it even more challenging to get to the peak. On the other hand, winters are also not ideal for climbing Mount Everest due to the risk of catching frostbite or hypothermia as outlined earlier.
All in all, Mount Everest is a fascinating place that attracts tourists from all around the globe. There is also a very popular theme park ride nearby that all visitors love to experience. Do not hesitate to plan a trip to Mount Everest if you ever get a chance. You don’t have to climb like a professional or attempt to climb at all; you can have a really good excursion trip just hanging around the area and enjoying the sights and sounds of the place.
Fun Facts about Mount Everest
- Not the Tallest Mountain on the Planet: – Mt Everest may be the highest mountain on planet Earth but is not the tallest one. Mauna Kea in Hawaii is taller than Mount Everest, which is 33,465 feet tall (10,200 meters) in height. The reason it is not recognized as the highest peak in the world because most of the mountain sits below the ocean’s surface.
- Its is still growing: yes, Mount Everest is in its growing stage and grows 4mm higher each year. It is because of its geologic uplifting.
- Mt Everest is young: Mt Everest is considered among the youngest Mountains in the World. As per Geo-Scientists, it’s just 60 million years old.
- Various routes to climb: There are total 18 routes to climb the Mount Everest and takes around 40 days to climb the Mount Everest.
- Dangerous to climb: It is very dangerous to climb Mount Everest due to bitter weather conditions. Over 295 people have died till on Everest from 1994 to Jan 2019.